Among America’s most favored ethnic cuisines is obviously Mexican. Just how far we have come from those hard, crisp tacos and lard-laden refried beans. Going back to the Mayan culture circa 1500 BC, corn and beans have formed the foundation of original Mexican foods and still comprise a major portion of their foods. They were plentiful and easily stored. Gradually, many different fresh ingredients have been added over time, along with chicken, beef, pork and seafood, to delight the palates of the majority of everyone, from fast food to Del Taco catering menu, and everything in between. But the basics which we adore by far the most still top our hit parade. So let’s check out the whole enchilada:
As soon as 5000 BC, possibly 7000 BC in Pre-Columbian history. the tamale (or “tamal”) is corn masa, individually wrapped in a corn husk and was an ideal portable food. Type of your early fast convenience food, these people were often carried by warriors, hunters and travelers as a sort of meal on the go. Early tamales were often loaded with turkey,frog, flamingo, axolotl (salamander), gopher or rabbit (would I make that up?). Homemade tamales are still a tradition at Christmas in Mexican homes, along with their preparation is labor-intensive and time-consuming, usually steamed inside their husk but a significant part in the holiday meal.
Enchiladas date back to Mayan times, perhaps earlier, when the practice of rolling corn tortillas around other foods created for easy meals. In the lake region of the Valley of Mexico, the people traditionally ate corn tortillas folded or rolled around small fish. As you may know them now, enchiladas remain corn tortillas rolled around a filling, including various meats, cheese, beans, potatoes, vegetables or perhaps a combination and covered with a chili pepper sauce, topped with cheese.
In a class on its own, Enchiladas suizas (Swiss-style) are topped having a cream-based white sauce, like béchamel, that was derived from Swiss immigrants in Mexico who produced cream and cheese.
Burritos are also rolled tortillas but created from wheat, filled with rice, beans or meat, called ‘coçito’ within the Yucatán and ‘taco’ in Mexico City. Burritos might have been created when in war, easily transported and eaten on the run, primarily during the Mexican/American strife of the early 1900s. As they are enclosed and simply eaten standing upright, they make great street food.
Quesadillas certainly are a flat circle of cooked corn tortilla, warmed to soften it enough to be folded by 50 percent, then typically filled with Oaxaca cheese (queso Oaxaca), a stringy Mexican cheese. They originated in central and southern parts of Mexico and can also contain chicken or shrimp.
Arriving late at the party, chimichangas made their look in 1946 because of Woody Johnson, founder of Macayo’s Mexican Kitchen, who claims he invented them when he put some burritos right into a deep fryer being an experiment at his original Phoenix restaurant Woody’s El Nido. The name means “trinket” loosely translated.
For anyone cooks who want to re-create their favorite dishes in the home, you might want to include these basics on the list:
Rice – brown, spicy or plain, a fantastic accompaniment
Beans – both refried pinto beans and black beans
Salsa – dozens of combinations, both cooked and fresh
Avocados – either sliced or mashed with tomatoes and spices for a tantalizing and delicious guacamole
Red or verde (green) sauces to squirt on the top or drown your favorite dish
Corn, white or wheat flour tortillas
Assorted peppers and chiles, both spicy and mild
Cheese (queso) usually crumbled or shredded blends, the most popular is cotija and anejo, even (drumroll) Velveeta now offers Mexican and pepper-flavored cheese blends
Tortilla chips for dipping
Although most towns and cities host the popular fast food and chain restaurants, like Taco Bell, Del Taco menu, Chipotle, El Torito and Acapulco’s, frequently the most effective Mexican foods can be found in small, family owned shops, or even in emdzgy area also known as “Old Town” which can be an enjoyable mix of restaurants and street vendors, all serving up our favorites. Buen apetito.